|What does history say about
"Iran Oil Nationalization"?
"Iran's Mohammed Mossadeq,This issue of Time has a picture of Dr. Mossaddegh on its cover page with the caption of:
Feet first into chaos?"
"Iran's Mohammed Mossadeq,
Feet first into chaos?"
The cover story (pages: 29-35) is titled:
It expresses the fear of Western Europe and the US about losing the vital source of oil from Iran which it calls "the life-blood of industrial civilization" and gives some statistics under the title of
"MAN OF THE YEAR 1951
He oiled the wheels of chaos."
This issue of has another picture of Dr. Mossaddegh on its cover page with and has chosen him as the man of the year 1951. The captions reads:
"MAN OF THE YEAR
He oiled the wheels of chaos."
The cover story (pages: 18-21) is titled:
In this article, Time explains that Dr. Mossaddegh was chosen as the "Man of the Year" for his moral integrity and courage to stand up to the British and despite all the odds continue his campaign for nationalizing Iranian Oil. However, Time is amazed that Mossaddegh had not been dealt with by the British and the US.
It has an article on Mossaddegh titled:
"Diplomacy by Blackmail".....................
Time starts its article by saying:
"The familiar deep voice of Premier Mohammed Mossadegh poured out from Radio Tehran one afternoon last week. For 90 minutes the wily old man rambled over the 19 months of Britain-Iranian oil negotiations, then reached his climax: "Iran has done her best, but the British government always obstructed a settlement. They [the British] have thus forced Iran to cut relations with them."
At the end it quotes Henry Grady, U.S. ambassador to Teheran for 14 months, saying:
"Had Britain and the U.S. backed [General Ali] Razmara, the former Iranian Prime Minister who was a friend of the West and who was fighting the nationalization movement, this present situation would not have developed," Grady said in San Francisco. "Nor would Razmara have been assassinated."
What happened to Dr. Mossaddegh?
Photos from "Mossaddegh's Memoirs" edited by Homa Katouzian (1988)
Dr. Mossaddegh's democratic and national movement was crushed by foreign US and British Intelligence operators with a great help from some Iranian traitors.
Read the CIA-MI6 quo of Aug. 19, 1953 (28th of Mordad 1332) for more details.
The following photos show Dr. Mossaddegh through the events of Oil Nationalization and its after math.
Click on images to see larger photos:
28th of Mordad 1332
August 19, 1953 CIA Coup
against the elected government of Dr. Mossaddegh
Written and photographed By Farhad Diba
All the Shah's Men:
An American Coup and the Roots of Middle East Terror
a book by Stephen Kinzer,
a noted New York Times journalist
Editorial Review From Publishers Weekly:
With breezy storytelling and diligent research, Kinzer has reconstructed the CIA's 1953 overthrow of the elected leader of Iran, Mohammad Mossadegh, who was wildly popular at home for having nationalized his country's oil industry. The coup ushered in the long and brutal dictatorship of Mohammad Reza Shah, widely seen as a U.S. puppet and himself overthrown by the Islamic revolution of 1979. At its best this work reads like a spy novel, with code names and informants, midnight meetings with the monarch and a last-minute plot twist when the CIA's plan, called Operation Ajax, nearly goes awry. A veteran New York Times foreign correspondent and the author of books on Nicaragua (Blood of Brothers) and Turkey (Crescent and Star), Kinzer has combed memoirs, academic works, government documents and news stories to produce this blow-by-blow account. He shows that until early in 1953, Great Britain and the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company were the imperialist baddies of this tale. Intransigent in the face of Iran's demands for a fairer share of oil profits and better conditions for workers, British Foreign Secretary Herbert Morrison exacerbated tension with his attitude that the challenge from Iran was, in Kinzer's words, "a simple matter of ignorant natives rebelling against the forces of civilization." Before the crisis peaked, a high-ranking employee of Anglo-Iranian wrote to a superior that the company's alliance with the "corrupt ruling classes" and "leech-like bureaucracies" were "disastrous, outdated and impractical." This stands as a textbook lesson in how not to conduct foreign policy.
Copyright 2003 Reed Business Information, Inc.
This is the first full-length account of the CIA's coup d'etat in Iran in 1953—a covert operation whose consequences are still with us today. Written by a noted New York Times journalist, this book is based on documents about the coup (including some lengthy internal CIA reports) that have now been declassified. Stephen Kinzer's compelling narrative is at once a vital piece of history, a cautionary tale, and a real-life espionage thriller.
"All the Shah's Men"
by Dr. Masoud Kazemzadeh
This paper was first published in Middle East Policy, Winter 2004. Masoud Kazemzadeh, PhD is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Utah Valley State College.
In a part of his review, Dr. Kazemzadeh says:
"There is little doubt of the high quality of Kinzer's contributions. For example, The Economist selected this book as one of its ten "Books of the Year in 2003" in history; one of the principal textbooks in political science has quoted it as a main source on the 1953 coup; and many graduate and undergraduate courses in the United States and abroad have made it required reading. Kinzer's book was quickly translated into Farsi in Iran without the permission of the author. The translation was poorly done with self-censorship or state censorship of many passages."
For full text of his review, please see: Kazemzadeh's review of "All the Shah's Men".
On Wednesday, August 20, 2003, Tom Ashbrook, the renowned host of a prestigious radio program in Boston called "on Point" had an intriguing interview with Stephen Kinzer about his book
"All The Shah's Men" which you can listen to at Listen .
|Copyright © 2000-2005 Shirin